Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 2 – Significant Accounting Policies
(a) Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company are prepared in U.S. Dollars and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (US GAAP).
Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed. As such, the information included in these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 included in the Company’s 2020 Form 10-K, as filed on March 1, 2021. In the opinion of the Company’s management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which are only of a normal and recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2021 and its results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
The unaudited condensed combined balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 combines the audited balance sheets of pre-Merger MyMD Florida and Supera as of December 31, 2020, giving effect to the Supera Purchase and the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, as if they were consummated on January 1, 2020.
The unaudited combined consolidated statement of comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 combines the unaudited condensed statements of comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 of MyMD Florida and Supera giving effect to the Supera Purchase and the adoption of ASU no. 2016-02, Leases, as if they were consummated on January 1, 2020.
The unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2021 comprises the unaudited balance sheets of MyMD Florida, Supera and MyMD as of September 30, 2021, giving effect to the Supera Purchase as if they were consummated on January 1, 2020 and the reverse merger with MyMD on April 16, 2021 with all material intercompany balances eliminated and recording goodwill upon consolidation.
The unaudited condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 comprises the unaudited statements of comprehensive loss of MyMD Florida and Supera for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and the statement of comprehensive loss for MyMD for the post-acquisition period April 17, 2021 through September 30, 2021.
The Company effected a 1-for-2 reverse stock split immediately following the effective time of the Merger. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the Reverse Stock Split. Each stockholder who did not have a number of shares evenly divisible pursuant to the Reverse Stock Split ratio and who would otherwise be entitled to receive a fractional share of Company Common Stock was entitled to receive an additional share of Company Common Stock. The number of shares on equity related disclosures included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, were retroactively adjusted to reflect the effects of the Reverse Stock Split and the Exchange Ratio.
(b) Use of Estimates and Judgments
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected. Information about significant areas of estimation, uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements is included in the following notes related to business combinations, loss contingencies and the valuation of share-based payments.
(c) Functional and Presentation Currency
These condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. Dollars, which is the Company’s functional currency. All financial information has been rounded to the nearest dollar.
(d) Comprehensive Loss
The Company follows Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“FASB ASC”) 220 in reporting comprehensive loss. Comprehensive income is a more inclusive financial reporting methodology that includes disclosure of certain financial information that historically has not been recognized in the calculation of net income. Since the Company has no items of comprehensive income, comprehensive loss is equal to net loss.
(e) Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments, which include short-term bank deposits (up to three months from date of deposit) that are not restricted as to withdrawal date or use, to be cash equivalents.
(f) Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, receivables and trade and other payables. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, receivables and trade and other payables approximate their fair value because of their short maturities.
The framework for measuring fair value provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under FASB ASC 820 are described as follows:
The asset or liability’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques maximize the use of relevant observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
(f) Fair Value of Financial Instruments, continued
The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Schedule of Marketable Securities
Marketable Securities: Valued using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets.
Marketable securities are classified as available for sale and are valued at fair market value.
As of September 30, 2021, the Company held certain mutual funds, which, under FASB ASC 321-10, were considered equity investments.
Gains and losses resulting from the sales of marketable securities were a realized loss of $1,650 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and a realized gain of $39,797 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Gains and losses resulting from the sales of marketable securities were $0
Proceeds from the sales of marketable securities in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $5,500,000 and $15,483,176, respectively and $ for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.
(g) Prepaid Expenses
Expenses paid prior to the date that the related services are rendered or used are recorded as prepaid expenses which are comprised principally of various insurance expenses.
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash on deposit with financial institutions. At times, the Company’s cash in banks is in excess of the Federal Despot Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limit. The Company has not experienced any loss as a result of these cash deposits. These cash balances are maintained with three banks.
(i) Risk Management of Cash and Investments
It is the Company’s policy to minimize the Company’s capital resources to investment risks, prioritizing the preservation of capital over investment returns. Investments are maintained in securities, primarily publicly traded, short-term money market funds based on highly rated federal, state and corporate bonds, that minimize the risk to the Company’s capital resources and provide ready access to funds.
The Company’s investment portfolios are regularly monitored for risk and are held with a brokerage firm.
Investments recorded using the cost method will be assessed for any decrease in value that has occurred that is other than temporary and the other than temporary decrease in value shall be recognized. As and when circumstances and facts change, the Company will evaluate the Company’s ability to significantly influence operational and financial policy to establish a basis for converting the investment accounted for using the cost method to the equity method of valuation in accordance with FASB ASC 323.
(k) Research and Development Costs
In accordance with FASB ASC 730, research and development costs are expensed as incurred and consist of fees paid to third parties that conduct certain research and development activities on the Company’s behalf.
(l) Income Taxes
The Company utilizes an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. The provision for income taxes is based upon income or loss after adjustment for those permanent items that are not considered in the determination of taxable income. Deferred income taxes represent the tax effects of differences between the financial reporting and tax basis of the Company’s assets and liabilities at the enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse.
The Company evaluates the recoverability of deferred tax assets and establishes a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Management makes judgments as to the interpretation of the tax laws that might be challenged upon an audit and cause changes to previous estimates of tax liability. In management’s opinion, adequate provisions for income taxes have been made. If actual taxable income by tax jurisdiction varies from estimates, additional allowances or reversals of reserves may be necessary.
Tax benefits are recognized only for tax positions that are more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by tax authorities. The amount recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely to be realized upon settlement. A liability for “unrecognized tax benefits” is recorded for any tax benefits claimed in the Company’s tax returns that do not meet these recognition and measurement standards. As of September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was required to be reported.
There is no income tax benefit for the losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 since management has determined that the realization of the net deferred assets is not assured and has created a valuation allowance for the entire amount of such tax benefits.
The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties associated with tax audits is to record such items as a component of general and administrative expense. There were no amounts accrued for penalties and interest for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The Company does not expect its uncertain tax position to change during the next twelve months. Management is currently unaware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviations from its position.
Tax years from 2017 through 2020 remain subject to examination by federal and state jurisdictions.
Basic earnings per common share is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the periods presented. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares plus dilutive common share equivalents outstanding during the period. Potential common shares that would have the effect of increasing diluted earnings per share are considered anti-dilutive.
Diluted net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common and dilutive potential common stock outstanding during the period.
As the Company reported a net loss for the three and three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, common stock equivalents were anti-dilutive.
Schedule of Anti-dilutive Securities Excluded from Computation of Earnings Per Share
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under the provisions of FASB ASC 718, “Compensation - Stock Compensation”, which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based awards made to employees and directors based on estimated fair values on the grant date. The Company estimates the fair value of stock-based awards on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods using the straight-line method. Consistent with the accounting requirement for employee share-based payment awards, nonemployee share-based payment awards within the scope of Topic 718 are measured at grant-date fair value of the equity instruments that an entity is obligated to issue when the good has been delivered or the service has been rendered and any other conditions necessary to earn the right to benefit from the instruments have been satisfied.
The Company has elected to account for forfeiture of stock-based awards as they occur.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation.
(p) Right-of-Use Assets
The Company leases a facility in Tampa, Florida (the “Hyde Park”) under an operating lease (“Hyde Park Lease”) with annual rentals of $22,048 to $23,320 plus certain operating expenses. The Hyde Park facility houses the MyMD Florida operations. The Hyde Park Lease took effect on July 1, 2019 for a term of 36 months to expire on June 30, 2022.
The Company leased an aircraft under an operating lease (“Supera Aviation”) with annual rentals of $600,000 plus certain operating expenses. The Supera Aviation took effect on October 26, 2018 for a term of 36 months to expire on September 26, 2021. The Company cancelled the Supera Aviation in April 2021 without penalty.
The Company leases a facility in Baltimore, Maryland (the “N Wolfe St.”) under an operating lease (“Baltimore Lease”) with annual rentals of $24,000 to $25,462 plus certain operating expenses. The Baltimore Lease took effect on November 9, 2020 for a term of 36 months to expire on November 9, 2023.
On January 1, 2019 (“Effective Date”), the Company adopted FASB ASC, Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”), which increases transparency and comparability by recognizing a lessee’s rights and obligations resulting from leases by recording them on the balance sheet as lease assets and lease liabilities. The new guidance requires the recognition of the right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and related operating and finance lease liabilities on the balance sheet. The Company adopted the new guidance using the modified retrospective approach on January 1, 2019.
The adoption of ASC 842 resulted in the recognition of operating lease ROU assets of $1,014,636, operating lease liabilities for an operating leases of $1,016,015 and an adjustment to accumulated deficit of $1,379 on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 1, 2020.
The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted within the standard, which allows an entity to forgo reassessing (i) whether a contract contains a lease, (ii) classification of leases, and (iii) whether capitalized costs associated with a lease meet the definition of initial direct costs. Also, the Company elected the expedient allowing an entity to use hindsight to determine the lease term and impairment of ROU assets and the expedient to allow the Company to not have to separate lease and non-lease components. The Company has also elected the short-term lease accounting policy under which the Company would not recognize a lease liability or ROU asset for any lease that at the commencement date has a lease term of twelve months or less and does not include a purchase option that the Company is more than reasonably certain to exercise.
For contracts entered into on or after the Effective Date, at the inception of a contract, the Company will assess whether the contract is, or contains, a lease. The Company’s assessment is based on: (i) whether the contract involves the use of a distinct identified asset, (ii) whether the Company obtained the right to substantially all the economic benefit from the use of the asset throughout the period, and (iii) whether the Company has the right to direct the use of the asset. Leases entered into prior to January 1, 2020, which were accounted for under ASC 840, were not reassessed for classification.
For operating leases, the lease liability is initially and subsequently measured at the present value of the unpaid lease payments. The Company generally uses its incremental borrowing rate as the discount rate for leases, unless an interest rate is implicitly stated in the lease. The present value of the lease payments is calculated using the incremental borrowing rate for operating leases, which was determined using a portfolio approach based on the rate of interest that the Company would have to pay to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments on a collateralized basis over a similar term. The lease term for all of the Company’s leases includes the non-cancellable period of the lease plus any additional periods covered by either a Company option to extend the lease that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise, or an option to extend the lease controlled by the lessor. All ROU assets are reviewed for impairment.
Lease expense for operating leases consists of the lease payments plus any initial direct costs and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The Company’s operating leases are comprised of the Supera Aviation, the Hyde Park and the N Wolfe St. Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet information related to its leases are presented below:
Schedule of Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Information Related to Operating Lease
The following provides details of the Company’s lease expense:
Schedule of Lease Cost
Other information related to leases is presented below:
Schedule of Other Information Related to Leases
As of September 30, 2021, the annual minimum lease payments of the Company’s operating lease liabilities were as follows:
Schedule of Operating Lease Minimum Lease Payments
(q) Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02—Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU-2016-02”), which requires an entity to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 offers specific accounting guidance for a lessee, a lessor, and sale and leaseback transactions. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The Company has adopted ASU-2016-02, effective January 1, 2019, and, as a result of this implementation, has recorded an operating lease right-of-use asset and an operating lease liability as of December 31, 2019.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (the “2020 Update”). The amendments in the 2020 Update affect entities that issue convertible instruments and/or contracts in an entity’s own equity. For convertible instruments, the instruments primarily affected are those issued with beneficial conversion features or cash conversion features because the accounting models for those specific features are removed. However, all entities that issue convertible instruments are affected by the amendments to the disclosure requirements in the 2020 Update. For contracts in an entity’s own equity, the contracts primarily affected are freestanding instruments and embedded features that are accounted for as derivatives under the current guidance because of failure to meet the settlement conditions of the derivatives scope exception related to certain requirements of the settlement assessment. The settlement assessment was simplified by removing the requirements (1) to consider whether the contract would be settled in registered shares, (2) to consider whether collateral is required to be posted, and (3) to assess shareholder rights. Those amendments also affect the assessment of whether an embedded conversion feature in a convertible instrument qualifies for the derivatives scope exception. Additionally, the amendments in this Update affect the diluted EPS calculation for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares and for convertible instruments. The amendments in the 2020 Update are effective for public business entities that meet the definition of a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filer, excluding entities eligible to be smaller reporting companies as defined by the SEC, for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. An entity should adopt the guidance as of the beginning of its annual fiscal year. Entities are allowed to adopt the guidance through either a modified retrospective method of transition or a fully retrospective method of transition. The Company adopted this standard as of January 1, 2021 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU-2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 affects loans, debt securities, trade receivables, and any other financial assets that have the contractual right to receive cash. The ASU requires an entity to recognize expected credit losses rather than incurred losses for financial assets. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company expects that there would be no material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements upon the adoption of this ASU.
In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt - Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges or Freestanding Equity - Classified Written Call Options. The amendments in this Update clarify an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity - classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. The amendments are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. An entity should apply the amendments prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring on or after the effective date of the amendments. Early adoption is permitted for all entities, including adoption in an interim period. If an entity elects to early adopt the amendments in this Update in an interim period, the guidance should be applied as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes the interim period. The Company is assessing the impact of this ASU on its financial statements and related disclosure.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef